Monthly Archives: October 2009

Tutorial Illustrator: Creating calligraphic brushes

There are several preset calligraphic brushes in the Brushes panel, but you can easily define your own customized brush by following these steps:

  1. Choose New Brush from the Brushes panel menu. The New Brush dialog opens. In the New Brush dialog, select New Calligraphic Brush and click OK (Figure 1).

    define new brush stroke

    Figure 1: Defining a new calligraphic brush stroke.

  2. In the Calligraphic Brush Options dialog, enter an easy-to-remember name in the Name box.
  3. Type a value in the Angle box to define the angle of the brush. You might start with a 45-degree angle and experiment from there.

    Note: Unless you are working with a drawing tablet, leave the setting in the Variation column pop-up set to Fixed.

  4. Enter a value of less than 100% in the Roundness box. Lower values produce flatter brushes. Choose Random from the Roundness list. Enter a value, in percent, in the Roundness Variation box. Higher values (up to 180%) produce more variation in roundness as you apply or draw the brush effect.
  5. Enter a value (usually in points) in the Diameter box to set the diameter of the brush. Higher values create thicker strokes.
  6. Click OK to save the new calligraphic brush pattern. You can use the Pen or Pencil tools (or draw with shape tools) to create paths with a selected calligraphic brush effect. To do this, simply click on a calligraphic brush stroke in the Brushes panel and draw with the selected tool (Figure 2).

    the Pen tool

    Figure 2: Using the Pen tool to draw with a selected calligraphic brush stroke.

Calligraphic brushes and drawing tablets

Calligraphic brushes take on special attributes when you use a drawing tablet. When your operating system detects your drawing tablet, Illustrator provides additional pressure and pen stroke options for using your tablet’s pen. The most widely supported feature is pressure—the harder you press, the thicker the calligraphic brush stroke.


Illustrator Tutorial: Creating the text logo

Now that you have saved the attributes of your object you will add some text, to which you will apply your graphic style.

Before starting, you will create a new layer so that you can easily lock down the artwork you have already created.

1 If the Layers panel is not visible, choose Window > Layers or press the Layers button (Layers.ai) in the dock to open it.

2 Click in the empty area to the right of the visibility icon (Eyeicon.ai); a padlock icon (padlock.ai) appears and the artwork on Layer 1 is now locked.

3 Hold down the Alt (Window) or Option (Mac OS) key and click on the Create New Layer button (New Swatch.ai) in the Layers panel.

4 In the resulting Layer Options dialog box, type text logo in the Name text field. Press OK.

The new layer appears in the Layers panel.

ai02011.ai
The new text logo layer appears above
the locked Layer 1.

5 Select the Type tool (type.ai) from the Tools panel, and the type attributes appear in the Control panel.

6 In the Control panel select Minion Pro from the Font drop-down menu and choose Bold from the Font Style drop-down menu. Type 70 into the Size text field.

7 Click on the Fill color swatch in the Control panel and choose the black swatch, then click the Stroke color swatch and choose None.

8 Click once anywhere on your artboard. Type Sound Art.

9 Activate the Selection tool. Click and drag on the text you created and position it in the center, toward the top of the orange square.

ai02012b.ai
Type on the artboard.

10 Choose File > Save to save your work. Keep the file open.

Applying the graphic style to the text logo

Now that you created the text logo for the artwork, you will apply the graphic style that you saved earlier in the lesson.

1 Using the Selection tool, click on the Sound Art text to make sure it is selected.

2 If your Graphic Styles panel is not visible, choose Window > Graphic Styles.

3 Select the circle graphic style that you created earlier. The style is applied to the text.

ai02014a.ai
Click on the saved graphic style.

Though the correct style is applied, it doesn’t work well for text. You will use the Add Effect feature to create a much better result.

4 Select the Appearance tab in the Graphics Style panel to bring forward the Appearance panel. Make sure the text is still selected with the Selection tool and click on the topmost stroke listed in the Appearance panel, then choose Effect > Pathfinder > Add. This effect adds the separate shapes together, making the effect a little more attractive.

5 Select the second stroke listed in the Appearance panel and choose Effect > Pathfinder > Add. Now the yellow stroke forms a much cleaner outline.

ai02015a.ai
Add the strokes.

Warping the text logo

1 With the text logo still selected on the artboard, click on the word Type at the top of the Appearance panel, then choose Effect > Warp > Flag. The Warp Options dialog box appears with the Flag style already selected. Check the Preview checkbox to see how the warped text looks as you make changes in the dialog box.

2 In the Distortion section, click and drag the Horizontal slider left to –30 or type -30 into the Horizontal percent text field and press OK.

ai02013a.ai
Set the warp options.

3 Choose File > Save to save your work. Keep this file open for the next part of this lesson.

Using the Color Guide

In this next section of the lesson you will use some of the new Live Color features. You will select a color and then use the Color Guide, which allows you to select one of Live Color’s harmonious relationships for your current color making the job of finding complements and matching colors much easier.

1 Make sure that no objects are selected on your artboard by selecting Select > Deselect, using the keyboard shortcut Shift+Ctrl+A (Windows) or Shift+Command+A (Mac OS), or by clicking anywhere on the white artboard.

2 Make sure that at the bottom of the Tools panel the fill is the foreground color and the stroke in the background. Click the Fill box in the Control panel to see your color options and choose CMYK Red.

3 Press the Layers button (Layers.ai) in the dock or choose Windows > Layers to reveal the Layers panel. Click the padlock icon (padlock.ai) to the left of Layer 1 to unlock it.

4 Select Object > Unlock All in order for the large orange square to be affected by the Live Color. Activate the Selection tool, then choose Select > All. This selects all objects in your document.

5 Click on the Color Guide button (ColorGuide.ai) in the dock or choose Window > Color Guide to open the Color Guide panel. Notice that the red fill color is automatically made the base color, from which other harmonious color groups are assigned. Click on the Harmony Rules drop-down menu (to the right of the active colors) to see that you can select different harmonious colors that are related to the original orange base. Choose Right Complement.

ai02020.ai
Illustrator automatically calculates harmonious color groups for you.

6 Click on the Edit or Apply Colors button (Edit Color.ai) at the bottom of the Color Guide panel. The Live Color dialog box appears. Leave the settings at their defaults and press OK. The Right Complementary colors are applied to your artwork.

ai02021b.ai
Result.

6 Repeat steps 4 and 5 to try different harmonious color selections. When you are finished experimenting return to the choice of Right Complement but do not close the dialog box.

7 Click on the New Color Group button (New Color Group.ai) at the top of the Live Color dialog box; your group of colors is added to the list of color groups on the right side of the dialog box.

ai02022.ai
Add the colors as a new group.

8 Double-click on the words Color Group, which appear to the right of the colors you just added to the list. In the Edit Name dialog box that appears, type cd colors into the Name text field and press OK. Back in the Live Color dialog box, press OK again. Illustrator prompts you with a message asking if you’d like to save the changes to swatch group cd colors before closing. Choose Yes.

9 Click on the Swatches button (Swatches.ai) in the dock to open the Swatches panel. The cd colors color group has been added to the swatch selections.

You can do much more with the new live color feature, like convert multicolored artwork into Pantone spot colors, as well as adjust the amount of colors in your artwork. Find out more about Live Color in Lesson 5, “Livening Up Your Artwork with Color.”

10 Choose File > Save. Keep the file open for the next part of the lesson.

Incorporating an image into your artwork

Adobe Illustrator accepts many types of image files. In this lesson you will place a native Photoshop file onto the artboard and trace it using the Live Trace feature. By using the Live Trace feature you can convert your image into vector artwork.

1 If the Layers panel is not visible, choose Window > Layers or press the Layers button (Layers.ai) in the dock. Click on Layer 1 so that it is the active layer.

2 Choose File > Place. In the Place dialog box, navigate to the ai02lessons folder and select the image named ai0202.psd. Press Place. If an Embedded Profile Mismatch dialog box appears choose to Use the embedded profile and press OK. The image is placed onto the artboard.

The image, clearly, is too big. You will use the Scale tool (Scale.ai) to make the image smaller.

3 Double-click on the Scale tool in the Tools panel; the Scale dialog box appears. In the Uniform section, type 50 into the Scale text field and press OK. The image is reduced to 50% its original size.

ai02023a.ai
Reduce the image’s size.

4 Activate the Selection tool (select.ai) and click and drag the image so that it is flush with the bottom of the rectangle. If necessary, reposition your text logo so that it is not hidden beneath the image.

5 Make sure the image of the man is selected, then click on the arrow to the right of the Live Trace button in the Control panel. Several options appear. Choose Tracing Options from the Live Trace drop-down menu. The Tracing Options dialog box opens.

ai02024a.ai
The Trace Options dialog box.

You will use the Tracing Options dialog box to control how Adobe Illustrator converts your placed image from a raster scanned image to vector artwork.

6 Check the Preview checkbox on the right side of the dialog box to turn the feature on.

7 From the Preset drop-down men choose Photo Low Fidelity. The image is now broken down into 16 shades of color, as you can see in the Max Colors text field.

ai02025.ai
Determine the settings for converting the raster scanned image to a vector image.

8 In the Trace Setting section, type 50 into the Minimum Area text field or drag the slider to 50.

9 Click in the Ignore White checkbox at the bottom of the Trace Settings section. The image’s white background becomes transparent and the cutout of the man rests on the red square. Press Trace. The image is now a vector object.

ai02026.ai
The resulting image.

10 With the traced image still selected click on the Expand button in the Control panel to expand the Live Trace object into visible vector paths.

11 Choose File > Save. Keep this file open.

Erasing vector paths and shapes

In the next part of the lesson, you’ll work with the Eraser tool (eraser.ai). The Eraser tool erases portions of your artwork. The Eraser tools erases right through vector shapes and paths. You have to experience this tool to fully appreciate its capabilities.

1 If the traced image of the man is not already selected, select it now. When an item is selected, the anchor points become visible. In artwork as complicated as the autotrace man, this is distracting, and makes it difficult to see what you are doing. In the next step you will hide the selection edges, but still keep the artwork active.

2 Choose View > Hide Edges, or use the keyboard shortcut Ctrl+H (Windows) or Command+H (Mac OS). You just hid the selection edges so you can see the results of the Path Eraser tool.

3 Select the Eraser tool (eraser.ai) in the Tools panel and position the cursor in the lower-left corner of the traced image.

Press the ] (right bracket) key about 3-4 times to make your eraser tool larger. If you need to make it smaller you press the [ (left bracket key. No exact size is needed for this exercise, but with a larger brush you can see the tool’s effects more easily.

4 With the Eraser tool, click and drag using a rough up and down movement (like you might use with an actual eraser), progressing from the lower-left side to the lower-right side of the image.

ai02027.ai
Start in the lower left of the artwork.

When you release, you see that you’ve erased the bottom of the image of the man, but that the red square and its contents are intact. You will now soften the edges of the traced image.

5 Make sure the image is selected and choose Effect > Stylize > Feather.

6 In the resulting Feather dialog box, type .1 into the Feather Radius text field and press OK. The edge of the image is softened.

ai02028.ai
Apply the feather amount. Result.

7 Choose View > Show Edges, or use the keyboard shortcut Ctrl+H (Windows) or Command+H (Mac OS) to turn the selection edges back on. By turning on the Show Edges feature you can turn the selection points’ visibility off, thereby making it easier to see your artwork. If you forget to do this you won’t be able to see what is selected.

8 Choose Select > All to make sure all of your artwork is selected.

9 Open the Symbols panel by clicking on the Symbols button (Symbols.ai) in the dock on the right side of the workspace, or by choosing Window > Symbols.

10 Click on the New Symbol button (New Swatch.ai) at the bottom of the Symbols panel; the Symbols

11 Type cdart into the Name text field and select the Graphic radio button, then press OK.

ai02029.ai
Name the new symbol.

The artwork is now saved as a symbol.

12 Select the original artwork with the Selection tool and press delete. Since the artwork is now saved as a symbol, you will only need the symbol instance for the remainder of the lesson.

13 Choose File > Save. Keep the file open.

Creating a 3-D object

Now you will create the CD case and map the artwork you saved as a symbol to the case.

1 Select the Rectangle tool. You may have to click on and hold down the Ellipse tool button in the Tools panel since you used that tool last.

2 Click once on the artboard. The Rectangle dialog box appears.

3 Type 5 into the Width text field, then click on the word Height to put the same value into the Height text field. Press OK. A 5-inch square appears on the artboard.

4 Click on the Fill box in the Control panel and select the CMYK Red color.

5 Choose Effect > 3D > Extrude & Bevel. The 3D Extrude and Bevel Options dialog box appears. Check the Preview checkbox.

6 Make sure the options are set at their defaults. In the Position section, the rotation around the X axis (Xaxis.ai) text field should be -18°. The rotation around the Y axis should be -26° and the rotation around the Z axis should be 8°. In the Extrude & Bevel section, the Extrude Depth text field should be 50 pt and Bevel should be set to None.

ai02030.ai
The default 3D Extrude and Bevel settings.

7 Click on the Map Art button in the 3D Extrude and Bevel Options dialog box. Mapping art allows you to place symbol artwork onto a 3-D object.

8 Click on the arrow to the right of the Symbol drop-down menu and choose cdart, your saved symbol. After choosing the art, the Surface selector shows 1 of 6. If it is showing anything different click on the First Surface button (First Surface.ai).

ai02031.ai
Assign the cd art symbol to Side 1 of your CD case.

9 Press OK to exit the Map Art dialog box, then OK to exit the 3D Extrude & Bevel dialog box. A progress bar appears as Illustrator maps your image to the side of the 3-D object, which in this case is a CD case.

ai0201.ai
The final result.

10 Choose File > Save to save your work.

Congratulations! You have completed the Adobe Illustrator CS3 Jumpstart. Take a look at your handiwork, then choose File > Close.

(http://www.learnillustratortutorials.com)


Truk Sampah

‎​Suatu hari saya naik sebuah taxi dan menuju ke Bandara. Kami melaju pada jalur yang benar ketika tiba-tiba sebuah mobil hitam melompat keluar dari tempat parkir tepat di depan kami. Supir taxi menginjak pedal rem dalam-dalam hingga ban mobil berdecit dan berhenti hanya beberapa cm dari mobil tersebut.

Pengemudi mobil hitam tersebut mengeluarkan kepalanya & mulai menjerit ke arah kami. Supir taxi hanya tersenyum & melambai pada orang orang tersebut. Saya benar-benar heran dengan sikapnya yang bersahabat. Maka saya bertanya, “Mengapa anda melakukannya? Orang itu hampir merusak mobil anda dan dapat saja mengirim kita ke rumah sakit!” Saat itulah saya belajar dari supir taxi tersebut mengenai apa yang saya kemudian sebut “Hukum Truk Sampah”.

Ia menjelaskan bahwa banyak orang seperti truk sampah. Mereka berjalan keliling membawa sampah, seperti frustrasi, kemarahan, kekecewaan. Seiring dengan semakin penuh kapasitasnya, semakin mereka membutuhkan tempat untuk membuangnya, & seringkali mereka membuangnya kepada anda.

Jangan ambil hati, tersenyum saja, lambaikan tangan, berkati mereka, lalu lanjutkan hidup. Jangan ambil sampah mereka untuk kembali membuangnya kepada orang lain yang anda temui, di tempat kerja, dirumah atau dalam perjalanan. Intinya, orang yang sukses adalah orang yang tidak membiarkan “truk sampah” mengambil alih hari-hari mereka dengan merusak suasana hati.

Hidup ini terlalu singkat untuk bangun di pagi hari dengan penyesalan, maka: Kasihilah orang yang memperlakukan anda dengan benar, berdoalah bagi yang tidak.

Hidup itu 10% mengenai apa yang kau buat dengannya dan 90% tentang bagaimana kamu menghadapinya.

Hidup bukan mengenai menunggu badai berlalu, tapi tentang bagaimana belajar menari dalam hujan.

Selamat menikmati hidup yang diberkati & bebas dari “sampah”.


Truk Sampah

‎​Suatu hari saya naik sebuah taxi dan menuju ke Bandara. Kami melaju pada jalur yang benar ketika tiba-tiba sebuah mobil hitam melompat keluar dari tempat parkir tepat di depan kami. Supir taxi menginjak pedal rem dalam-dalam hingga ban mobil berdecit dan berhenti hanya beberapa cm dari mobil tersebut.

Pengemudi mobil hitam tersebut mengeluarkan kepalanya & mulai menjerit ke arah kami. Supir taxi hanya tersenyum & melambai pada orang orang tersebut. Saya benar-benar heran dengan sikapnya yang bersahabat. Maka saya bertanya, “Mengapa anda melakukannya? Orang itu hampir merusak mobil anda dan dapat saja mengirim kita ke rumah sakit!” Saat itulah saya belajar dari supir taxi tersebut mengenai apa yang saya kemudian sebut “Hukum Truk Sampah”.

Ia menjelaskan bahwa banyak orang seperti truk sampah. Mereka berjalan keliling membawa sampah, seperti frustrasi, kemarahan, kekecewaan. Seiring dengan semakin penuh kapasitasnya, semakin mereka membutuhkan tempat untuk membuangnya, & seringkali mereka membuangnya kepada anda.

Jangan ambil hati, tersenyum saja, lambaikan tangan, berkati mereka, lalu lanjutkan hidup. Jangan ambil sampah mereka untuk kembali membuangnya kepada orang lain yang anda temui, di tempat kerja, dirumah atau dalam perjalanan. Intinya, orang yang sukses adalah orang yang tidak membiarkan “truk sampah” mengambil alih hari-hari mereka dengan merusak suasana hati.

Hidup ini terlalu singkat untuk bangun di pagi hari dengan penyesalan, maka: Kasihilah orang yang memperlakukan anda dengan benar, berdoalah bagi yang tidak.

Hidup itu 10% mengenai apa yang kau buat dengannya dan 90% tentang bagaimana kamu menghadapinya.

Hidup bukan mengenai menunggu badai berlalu, tapi tentang bagaimana belajar menari dalam hujan.

Selamat menikmati hidup yang diberkati & bebas dari “sampah”.


Kumpulan kutipan

Pakaian paling indah di dunia adalah SENYUM.

Kebiasaan paling merusak adalah KUATIR.

Sukacita terbesar adalah MEMBERI.

Kehilangan terbesar adalah HARGA DIRI.

Pekerjaan paling memuaskan adalah MEMBANTU ORANG LAIN.

Kepribadian terburuk adalah EGOIS.

Spesies yang hampir punah adalah PEMIMPIN YANG BERDEDIKASI.

Sumberdaya terbesar kita adalah GENERASI MUDA.

Energi terbesar adalah DORONGAN SEMANGAT.

Masalah terbesar untuk diatasi adalah RASA TAKUT.

Obat tidur paling mujarab adalah PIKIRAN YANG DAMAI.

Kegagalan paling melumpuhkan adalah ALASAN DIBUAT-BUAT.

Kekuatan terbesar di dunia adalah CINTA.

Manusia paling berbahaya adalah TUKANG GOSIP.

Komputer paling hebat di dunia adalah PIKIRAN MANUSIA.

Sangat buruk kondisi Anda jika Anda tidak memilikinya adalah HARAPAN.

Senjata paling berbahaya adalah LIDAH.

Dua kata paling penuh kekuatan adalah SAYA BISA.

Aset terbesar adalah IMAN.

Emosi paling tidak berguna adalah RENDAH DIRI.

Harta tak ternilai harganya adalah INTEGRITAS.

Alat komunikasi paling hebat adalah DOA.

Sent from my BlackBerry® smartphone


5 Racun paling mematikan di indonesia

1).POTASSIUM SIANIDA.
Racun yang sangat mematikan, dengan waktu reaksi antara 3-4 jam lalu mati. Racun ini menyerang pembuluh darah jantung, menutup aliran darah sehingga korban kolaps dan mati. Racun ini bisa didapatkan dari peracun ikan (potas), dan pupuk Urea. Untuk takaran, beri 5 ml pada berat badan antara 50-60 kg. 2).SODIUM SIANIDA.
Racun ini diklaim lebih mematikan dari potassium sianida. Sodium sianida adalah turunan dari potassium sianida, yang mempunyai efek sama, tapi lebih cepat, yaitu membunuh kurang dari 3 jam, dengan dosis yang sama. Zat ini dapat anda peroleh dari kawan/saudara anda yg bekerja di pabrik pupuk dan pengolahan limbah kimia.

3).ARSENIK.
Racun jenis inilah yang membunuh tokoh HAM,Munir. Racun yang terbaik adalah berbentuk pecahan kecil2 sebesar gula pasir,berwarna putih tulang. Jika diberikan pada seseorang 15 butir tiap hari dlm seminggu, maka dia akan mengalami kelumpuhan saraf otak. Jika langsung diberikan sebanyak 1 sendok teh,maka korban akan mati dlm waktu 6 jam. Racun ini terdapat pada racun tikus, celeng dll.

4).BACEM KODOK.
Racun ini sangat terkenal di lingkungan preman Lampung. Racun yang terbuat dari kodok ini biasanya terlapis pada pisau badik. Cara membuatnyapun sangat mudah. Anda cuma butuh 3 ekor kodok, ember kecil, air 500 ml, dan 1 pisau kecil. Pertama,belah si kodok, lalu celupkan ke ember beserta pisaunya. Rendam sampai 3 hari 3 malam. Lalu,jemur pisau tersebut. Cara memakainya adalah dengan menggores kulit korban. Itu sudah cukup untuk membunuhnya.

5).BISA ULAR WELING.
Cara membuatnya sangat mudah. Ambil bisa ular weling dengan cara menancapkan taringnya pada gelas yg ditutupi kain. Lalu,oleskan pada pisau. Biarkan selama semalam. Cara menggunakannya sama dengan bacem kodok. Masa reaksi sampai korban mati adalah 24 jam.

Sumber: http://renaldy.jw.lt/racun


Tips untuk memilih dokter terbaik

Pergi ke dokter, sama halnya seperti Anda minum obat warung. Jika Anda tak cocok dengan obat tersebut sebaiknya jangan coba-coba Anda minum lagi. Ini dia tips untuk memilih dokter terbaik bagi Anda! Komunikasi adalah segalanya. Seorang dokter seharusnya adalah orang yang paling bisa dipercaya dalam semua hal, enak diajak cerita tentang keluhan Anda dan mengerti segala peran Anda yang berhubungan dengan kesehatan.

Beberapa wanita lebih cocok jika dokter kepercayaannya adalah wanita kadang juga pria. Hal ini juga tak kalah penting. Bagaimanapun apakah dokter yang pernah Anda kunjungi mengerti benar segala keluhan Anda?

Apakah dokter tersebut bisa dipercaya untuk menyelidiki segala diagnosa penyakit Anda dan menjelaskan segala kemungkinan efek samping dari obat yang diberikan kepada pasiennya.

Jika Anda telah menemukan dokter yang tepat sebaiknya ingat dengan baik dimana ia bekerja. Apakah ia juga buka prakter di rumah sakit?

Atau mungkin Anda bisa mendapatkan kontak pribadinya untuk keadaan-keadaan darurat. Ada baiknya juga jika Anda membina hubungan baik dengan dokter pribadi Anda. Ia yang kelak akan paling mengerti keadaan Anda. Jangan sepelekan perannya.

sumber : http://detikhot.com

Sent from my BlackBerry® smartphone